Graphic Organizers

Used to enhance learning and increase learner engagement, Graphic organizers are a visual way of showing the relationship between facts, ideas and concepts. Using visual and spatial positions, graphic organizers enable students to organize, comprehend, and internalize new learning. Graphic organizers include flowcharts, timelines, and tables.

When Should Graphic Organizers be used?

Graphic Organizers are most effective when used after initial exposure to content. It is best to not use them during the introduction of new concepts. 

Best practices when using Graphic Organizers:

  • Allow students to choose their own organizers.
  • Avoid giving out copies of graphic organizers.
  • Build prior knowledge before asking students to complete a graphic organizer.
  • Continue to use the organizer as learning tools. 

This research project from EDAE-620 focused on the benefit of using Graphic Organizers in adult education.


Fisher, D. & Frey, N. (2018). The uses and misuses of graphic organizers in content area learning. The Reading Teacher, 71(6), 763-766.

Moorf, D. W., & Readence, J.F. (1984). A quantitative and qualitative review of graphic organizer research. The Journal of Educational Research, 78(1), 11-17.

Nesbit, J.C. & Adesope, O. O. (2006). Learning with concept and knowledge maps: A meta- analysis. Review of Educational Research, 76(3), 413-448.